Prof. Anat Kesler, M.D.

Neurologist – Neuro-Ophthalmologist

Prof. Anat Kesler, M.D.
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Line of Business: Neurologist – Neuro-Ophthalmologist
Address: 4 Herzl St., Petah Tikva
Phone: 972-3-9340324 
Email: [email protected]
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About Prof. Anat Kesler, M.D.

Prof. Anat Kesler is a leading expert in her field, who specializes in Neuro-Ophthalmology, the field that bridges ophthalmology with neurology.

Prof. Kesler has been serving as a neuro-ophthalmology consultant in the Hillel Yafe Medical Center since 2016.

Since 2016 neuro ophthalmology consultant at Hillel Yafe Medical Center.

Prof. Kesler is a full Clinical Professor of
Neurology (Emeritus) in Tel Aviv University.
Prof. Kesler is a graduate of the TAU School of Medicine, a neurology specialist, with a subspecialty in neuro ophthalmology both in Israel and in the U.S.
From 2001 to June 2016, Prof. Kesler managed the Neuro-Ophthalmology Unit and the Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension (pseudotumor cerebri syndrome) Center of the Tel Aviv Medical Center.
Since 2016 neuro ophthalmology consultant at Hillel Yafe Medical Center.

Prof. Kesler, coordinates and lectures the Neurology Course of the School of Medicine of Ariel University. From 2023 she is the head of the neurology department at Ariel University.

Prof. Kesler is a member of several professional organizations, including:

• Israel Neurology Association

• North America Neuro Ophthalmology Society (NANOS)

• European Neuro ophthalmology Society (EUNOS)

Prof. Kesler also serves as a member of the editorial boards of the Israel Medical Journal and of the Journal of Neuro Ophthalmology.

Prof. Kesler lectures to medical students and ophthalmology and neurology interns, participates and presents in domestic and international conventions, and instructs students on their theses and basic science dissertations.

Prof. Kesler published 150 scientific papers.

Neuro ophthalmology, the unique field in which Prof. Kesler specializes, concerns the diagnosis, monitoring and treatment of patients who suffer from vision impairments that stem from the brain and the nerve system, i.e., eye problems that are not the result of pathologies in the eyeball itself, rather from pathologies of the optic nerve, the optic tracts and the brain. This field requires knowledge on problems that relate to the eye, the brain, nerves and muscles, with a holistic view of vision impairment that result from other general illnesses.

The field is distinct in the fact that neuro-ophthalmological problems aren’t always expressed in routine eye checks . One must listen to the complaints of the patient, who may have a difficulty to explain the vision impairment, and investigate them thoroughly. Not seldom, people arrive with a complaint about vision problems such as seeing unclearly or bumping into objects, while ophthalmologists report normal results in the eye examinations. In some of the cases there is indeed no cause for medical alarm, however, in other cases this may result, for example, from a tumor that affects the optic tracts or nerve, or constitute an early warning sign of a degenerative disease. In most cases, fast diagnosis and treatment can prevent irreversible damage.

Many neurological illnesses cause symptoms and signs in the eyes, such as damage to the optic nerve, vision field impairments, diplopia (double vision), nystagmus (involuntary eye movements), changes in the pupils and the fundus of the eye and more.

Common problems that receive neuro-ophthalmological treatment include partial or full loss of vision,  damage to the optic nerve such as anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (AION), optic neuritis, vision field disruptions, headaches, optic disc swelling (papilledema), and pseudotumor cerebri syndrome.

Pseudotumor cerebri syndrome is characterized by intracranial hypertension, without imaging findings of brain mass lesions or sinus vein thrombosis. Knowing the syndrome and diagnosing it quickly are important for preventing irreparable vision loss  or severe intractable headaches. The syndrome is not life-threatening, but patients suffer from two main problems: strong headaches that disrupt their life quality, and vision function impairment  which may reach even vision loss and severe field of vision loss. Knowledge about the syndrome, high wariness in cases of patients with headaches, an eye fundus examination and fast diagnosis lead to a better prognosis. The best way to prevent deterioration in the patient’s condition is regular neuro-ophthalmological monitoring. The patients should undergo periodic vision and vision field tests, in order to promptly identify recurrences of the illnesses, which might appear even after long remissions.

Other pathologies that are related to this field are eye movements disorders which can be expressed by an onset of sudden strabismus or double vision, brain damage (tumors, ischemia) which is expressed through vision or vision field disruptions, ptosis (drooping eyelids), bulging eyes (exophthalmos), and unequal pupil size. Thyroid-related eye diseases (Graves’ ophthalmopathy) and vision assessment after brain injuries, a variety of illnesses which are caused by or are related to neurological illnesses (such as multiple sclerosis, stroke, and brain tumors), and inflammatory, toxicological and hereditary optic nerve disorders, which are expressed by deficient vision acuity, color vision, eyeball movement pain and vision field blind spots. This requires knowledge on problems that relate to the eye, the brain, the nerves and the muscles.

Patients receive a complete assessment which includes eye and neurological examinations, with a comprehensive view of vision disorders that result from other general illnesses, and as required are referred to supplementary tests such as vision field, brain and orbit imaging and more. The neuro-ophthalmologist maintains close connections with neuro-surgeons, neurologists, neuroradiologists and endocrinologists.

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